Ancient Aqueducts

The waters of Attica have always been scarce, which is why from ancient times its inhabitants built a wonderful aqueduct for the transport of the springs of Parnitha. This network was expanded and perfected under the Roman emperor Hadrian, which is why the aqueduct was named Hadrian.

There were two main branches in Western Attica and they started from the area of Fili: a) the aqueduct of Theodora and b) the aqueduct of Giannoula.

The stream of Theodora was settled on the Roman emperor Hadrian in an aqueduct, which transported water to the water-suffering Eleusis. Traces of him survive today.

Another important aqueduct was the pipeline transporting the waters of the Gianoula stream to the olive grove of Athens. This pipeline carried the water of the stream from a small dam near the Monastery of Kleiston and following the route Hasia, Liosia, Pyrgos Vasilissis, it was connected with another plumbing of Kifissos and ended in Eleonas of Athens.

In the southern foothills of Parnitha in the same area was marked an ancient irrigation network of the 4th BC. century, the “Acharnikic culvert” in the direction NW (Varybobi – Psorila, Dimogli, Agios Sotiras, Kokkinos Mylos).